Gynecological Cancer

The abnormal and progressive growth of cells in any part of the body is known as cancer.

Cancers are named after the part of the body from where they originate. Cancers that occur in the female reproductive system are called gynecological cancer and involve the organs such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, peritoneum, cervix, vulva and vagina.

Types of Gynecological Cancers

Cancer of the ovaries begins in the cells of the ovaries, such as the epithelial cells, germ cells and sex cord-stromal cells. You are at a greater risk of ovarian cancer if you have BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 gene mutations.

Symptoms may include abdominal pain, bloating, swelling, and a feeling of fullness. You may also have pain in your back and pelvic area, constipation, need to urinate frequently, and changes in your menstrual pattern.


The treatment for cancer is most effective when your cancer is diagnosed and treated in the early stages.

Localized high-energy rays are used to kill tumor cells and stop them from growing.