What is Family Medicine?
Family medicine, also known as family practice, is a medical specialty that delivers continuous and comprehensive healthcare for an individual and family. It is a specialty in breadth that integrates clinical, biological, and behavioral sciences. The scope of the family medicine encompasses all ages, sexes, every disease entity, and each organ system.
Family medicine’s cornerstone is an ongoing and personal patient-physician association that focusses on integrated care. Contrary to other specialties that are confined to a specific organ, age, sex, or disease, family medicine integrates care for both sexes across the full spectrum of ages within the background of community and advocates for the patient in a growingly complex healthcare system.
Family physicians are qualified to provide a wide range of acute, chronic, and preventive medical care services. In addition to diagnosing and treating disorders, they also deliver preventive care, including routine check-ups, immunization, health-risk assessments, screening tests, and personalized guidance on maintaining a healthy lifestyle. They also coordinate care given by other subspecialists to manage chronic illnesses.
Family medicine is a three-dimensional specialty
that incorporates knowledge, skill, and process. At the center of the process, element is the patient-physician relationship with the patient seen in the context of the family. It is the extent to which this relationship is valued, developed, nurtured and maintained that distinguishes family medicine from all other specialties.
As part of Family Medicine residency, family medicine physicians partake in integrated inpatient and outpatient learning and undergo training in many major medical areas, such as Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Gynecology, Neurology and Psychiatry, Surgery and Community Medicine along with instruction in many other areas like Emergency Medicine, Geriatrics, Radiology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, Orthopedics, and Urology. Because of the extensive training received by the family physicians, they are regarded as the only specialists certified to treat most illness and give comprehensive healthcare for people of all ages.
Common Services Offered by Family Physicians
- Act as a patient’s first contact for health-related concerns.
- Care for patients irrespective of age or health condition and sustain an enduring and trusting relationship.
- Plan and direct the course of the healthcare system with patients, like specialist and hospital care coordination and follow-up.
- Care for patients in the context of their family and the ways in which the health of each family member affects the others.
- Use of data and technology to prioritize and coordinate services, enhancing access, continuity, and relationships.
- Understand the effects of community-level factors and social determinants of health and help patients to identify available community resources.
Considering the vast scope of the Family Medicine as a department and the experience a family medicine physician possesses on areas of different medical fields, some of the common conditions that are treated by our family medicine physicians include:
- Minor injuries
- Ear infections
- Cold/cough/sore throat/flu
- Skin problems
- Urinary tract infections
- Sports injuries
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Substance abuse
- High blood pressure