Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancers found in men

Where abnormal cells grow out of control in the prostate gland. It may be confined within the gland or may be aggressive and spread to other parts of the body and cause serious complications. Therefore, screening for prostate cancer at earlier stages is always beneficial so that effective treatment can be provided. Treatment for prostate cancer mainly depends on the type and stage of cancer and therefore appropriate screening is essential. Screening of prostate cancer can be done by:

Digital rectal exam: In this method, surgeon may inspect your prostate gland for any lumps by inserting the gloved finger through your rectum.

Prostate-specific antigen test

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by prostate gland and the blood concentration of this protein is measured in this test. Elevated levels of PSA imply the possibility of prostate cancer. However other tests should also be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis because PSA concentration may be elevated in other conditions too.

Prostate biopsy

Prostate biopsy may be more dependable screening method for prostate cancer. Tissue from prostate is excised and viewed under microscope for any abnormalities. Following the observation, cancer will be graded and higher the grade more severe is the cancer.

Several treatment options are available for treating prostate cancer. The standard approaches include:

Radiation therapy is a procedure where high-energy rays are used to destroy cancer cells.

Androgens are male hormones that stimulate the growth of cancer cells in the prostate. Androgen deprivation therapy, also known as hormone therapy, reduces the levels of androgen and prevents it from getting through to the prostate cancer cells. Some types of hormone therapies lower the androgen levels in the body whereas others block the execution of these hormones.